We discuss here Heart Disease and Associated Problems. Being told you have “heart disease” can strike fear into anyone who hears it for the first time, however, it’s not as bad as it sounds. In this article I will explain some terms, causes, and treatments associated with a very common problem.
What is heart disease? Simply put, it’s an umbrella term used to describe many conditions, all of which can be fatal, but are also treatable and/or preventable. This condition is basically a lifestyle disease that can be largely prevented by knowing and modifying the risk factors.
However, it is a serious condition and if the symptoms of a heart problem are ignored, it is a major cause of heart attacks (myocardial infarction), congestive heart failure, angina pectoris, stroke, sudden cardiac arrest (SCA), and ischemia (reduced blood flow). The most common form is coronary artery disease, also known as coronary artery disease.
Coronary artery disease, the most common form of heart disease, is caused by narrowing or blockage of the coronary arteries that supply the heart with oxygen and nutrients. Disease and a consequent decrease in blood flow to the heart muscle can lead to other heart problems, such as chest pain (angina) and heart attacks (myocardial infarction). So, The risk of coronary heart disease can be reducing by taking steps to prevent and control harmful factors that increase the risk of heart disease and heart attacks.
If you have too much cholesterol in your bloodstream, the excess is deposited in your arteries, including your coronary arteries, where it contributes to the narrowing and blockages that cause the signs and symptoms of heart disease.
High levels of the wrong type of cholesterol (LDL) can be life-threatening, especially since this type of cholesterol has the potential to clog arteries and thus cause a heart attack.
What happens is that levels of lipoprotein that is produced in the liver and in the cells lining the blood vessels are increased by factors that increase the likelihood of heart disease, such as smoking, obesity, high cholesterol, and diabetes. Instead, levels drop when patients stop smoking, lose weight, and control their cholesterol and diabetes.
Cholesterol levels should be less than 5.5. If your cholesterol level is 6.5 mmol/L or more, your risk of developing heart disease is about 4 times that of someone with a cholesterol level of 4 mmol/L.
The best defense against high cholesterol is simply to control the risk factors that can lead to coronary artery disease, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, smoking, stress, excessive alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, and being overweight. Regular aerobic activities have a good effect on blood vessels and cholesterol.
Food aid to lower cholesterol
o Reduce cheese intake and/or replace low-fat varieties
Or choose low-fat milk. Substitute unsaturated margarine with butter
Or choose lean cuts of meat and remove all visible fat. Eat chicken, fish, or beans without the skin. Watch out for cakes, pies, fish and chips, and commercial pretzels (hidden fats). Make cookies at home using polyunsaturated fats, and cook chips with polyunsaturated or monounsaturated oil. Lose weight if you are overweight.
High blood pressure also causes many other types of cardiovascular disease, such as strokes and heart failure. Heart Disease and Associated Problems
Coronary artery disease is a disease of the arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle. If you have coronary heart disease, this usually means that blood. Flow through your coronary arteries is block. Reducing blood flow to your heart muscle.
Like any muscle, the heart needs a constant supply of oxygen and nutrients carried by the blood. In the coronary arteries. When the coronary arteries are narrow. Or blocked by cholesterol and fat deposits (atherosclerosis), the heart cannot get enough. And the result is coronary heart disease (CHD).
Other cardiovascular diseases include stroke, high blood pressure. But, angina (chest pain), and rheumatic heart disease. Smoking and uncontrolled high blood pressure are major risk factors for stroke. Heart Disease and Associated Problems